Binomial Name: Canis lupus
Conservation Status: Least Concern
Did You Know?
The main difference between wolves and coyotes is a wolf has very strict pack rules but there is no organization for a coyote. A wolf pack hunts for survival, and kills its own prey. A coyote is a scavenger.
Did You Know?
According to the 2003 Montana and U.S. Agriculture Department annual “Statistics Book” more sheep and lambs are killed by foxes, dogs, eagles, bears and coyotes then by wolves.
The statistics to support this areas followed:
The wolf coat has two layers. The under layer is a thick down and over that is a layer of guard hairs that protect the down from getting wet. Their coat color can range from light to dark, What is considered a dew claw on a dog, is called a first digit on a wolf because it can be rotated, the claw is sharp because it doesn’t touch the ground, and is used to hang onto large prey. Wolves have an excellent sense of smell, near one million times greater than ours. Their hearing is at a bat or porpoise level. They are color blind but their eyes sight is much better than ours particularly their night vision and in detecting movement at great distances. The wolf has 42 teeth and a jaw pressure of 1500 pounds per square inch. Their jaws are hinged differently than a dog, which allows them to open their mouths much wider then a dog.
Wolves communicate through voice, body movement and expressions. Audible signals occur through vocalizations such as howls, barks, whimpers and growls. Visual messages may be conveyed through body postures, movement and facial expression. Body rubbing and rolling and ritualized displays involving urine and excrement combine with various forms of glandular emissions to provide an olfactory medium as well. There are many reasons why wolves howl. Howling keeps pack mates together physically, keeping track of wolves between packs, demarcation of territory, announcing or defending a fresh kill. Some different types of howls are the “lonesome” howls, a cub howl, the confrontational howl, the “chorus” howls, and a distress howl. Wolves do not bark like dogs, however they will emit one bark, which serves as a warning to the rest of the pack that there is a danger.
(414) 425-8264 | 6669 S. 76th St., Greendale, WI |